TRAPPER’S VIGNETTE by Carol Jones:
This scene created in a book shell depicts a glimpse into the Spartan life of the early trappers who worked for the Hudson Bay Company founded in 1670. At that time, Trade Posts were established from Newfoundland to Vancouver Island and from the St. Lawrence to the Arctic.
Most trappers traveled and worked in companies. They were paid partly in goods and partly in tokens issued by HBC. These tokens were accepted as cash at any of the Company posts. First Nations people gathered furs and brought them to posts to trade for textiles, tools, guns, and other goods.
Those who weren’t company men were free trappers. A free trapper was a mountain man who, in today’s terms, would be called a free agent. He was independent and traded his pelts to whoever would pay him the best price.
1950 ONE-ROOM PRAIRIE SCHOOLHOUSE – Lynne
Before school buses and as early as 50 years ago, many rural students attended a one-room schoolhouse. A single teacher would typically have students in the first through eighth grades, and she taught them all. Beyond grade eight, lessons were available by correspondence.
The government required a minimum of 8 students before they would supply a teacher. Many of the teachers were Permit Teachers, meaning they were graduates of grade 11 or 12 and were permitted to teach in these one-room schoolhouses in lieu of further high school. At the conclusion of a year of teaching they could attend Normal School to obtain a Teacher’s Certificate.
Students were encouraged to work on their own and to help others when they finished their own lesson. One of the advantages was that students could learn “above their grade” because they were exposed to the lessons of older students. If students couldn’t keep up, they repeated the grade. If they learned quickly, they were pushed ahead.
GREENHOUSE – Heather
Canada has the biggest concentration of greenhouses in North America. Some of the greenhouses cover 50 acres; that’s an area bigger than 30 football fields.
Greenhouses are widely used to grow plants and flowers in Canada because of the cold weather. They come in many shapes and sizes, with different functions. Some people have small greenhouses in their backyard, or a lean-to attached to their home, called mini greenhouses. I guess you would call this a mini mini greenhouse.
This mini greenhouse belongs to a person who just likes gardening and finds it a way to relax as evidenced by the cup of tea on the bench along with a transistor radio. Or perhaps it’s an excuse to escape work in the house.
And it’s appropriate that a hedgehog has found haven here for it’s believed that the hedgehog is to remind you to take time to enjoy life, no matter what is happening otherwise. It’s also a symbol that planting and gardening are very beneficial to you.
GALLERY 150 – Anne
The story of Canada’s rich heritage is represented in its art history. Art in Canada is marked by thousands of years of habitation by First Nations Peoples followed by waves of immigration from Europe, Asia, and artists from all corners of the world. The nature of Canadian art reflects these diverse origins, as artists have taken their traditions and adapted these influences to reflect their lives in Canada.
What you will find in Gallery 150 is a miniscule slice of Canadian Art History and I hope it will encourage you to visit an Art Gallery and discover your favourite artist or work of art.
The sculpture garden (reproduced in the style of the artists) is the work of Janice VanBeek and Anne Saunders. Paintings in the Gallery are to scale as close as possible however I have taken some liberties as when donated frames just had to be used. The art in the gallery shop is not to scale as in any gallery shop. All works of art are by Canadian artists with the exception of one and the subject was too representative to not include.
LIGHTHOUSE – Displayed by Joan
Lighthouses are an iconic part of Canada. They exist not only in the Maritimes but in Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia. This lighthouse was fashioned after Peggy`s Cove built in Nova Scotia, my home province, in 1868. The front is left open so that you can view the working and living quarters within.
The first lighthouses were simply bonfires on a land point signalling harbour entrances. They were replaced by towers with beacons illuminated by candles, progressing to oil lamps, kerosene lamps and to the current electrification. An apparatus was attached to the light to produce a different pattern of flashes to identify each lighthouse.
Duties of the lighthouse keeper included the traditional “keeping of the light“, maintaining radio communications and beacons, tending fog alarms and providing rescue service and sanctuary. Today, automation has replaced the traditional lighthouse keeper. The man living with his family at a light house station in a remote place has been replaced by a helicopter and a travelling technician.
Many of the structures are being destroyed because, although they played an important role in our history, they are too costly to maintain. Today in Canada, there are 750 lighthouse structures. Some are still navigational aids, while others have been turned in to museums and tourist sights.
LUCKY STRIKE SALOON – Heather
The Lucky Strike Saloon is a watering hole for the working man. Much of the water here is undrinkable so whisky is the drink of choice. And this saloon has lots of it.
Cowboy boots and spurs are acceptable dress so the range worker can tie up his horse out front and “belly up” to the bar where there is always a full glass and a friendly face to shoot the breeze with. No guns are allowed at the Lucky Strike so that is the only shooting allowed.
Sometimes one full glass leads to another and another until friendly chatter turns into arguments and fist fights. A call to the RCMP quickly brings an officer to the scene to break it up and send them packing on their horses. Impaired driving is not an issue here.
The back room offers a gaming table for poker or dice. An intelligent man with a good memory and mathematical sharpness has a great advantage here. He can either go home with money in his pouch or a broken nose from a sore loser. They’re each hoping this is the day for a “lucky strike”
70s Rec Room – Paula
This diorama was cleverly created in a box. Open the top, fold down the side and there is the Rec Room. Reverse the procedure to store it out of sight.
The Rec Room, usually in the basement of the home, was a place the family shared to relax and have fun. Often it was equipped with a home bar, games, and music. You’d often find the TV there and a record player.
The anti-establishment trend of the 70s influenced the home décor with the “Mod” look. Trendy colors were bright green, turquoise, sunshine yellow, orange and brown.
That look is said to be making a come back
CANADIAN INVENTIONS: – Carol B.
Canadian inventors have given the world some of the greatest inventions. In fact, some of the inventions have changed the world. Zippers, paint rollers, garbage bags are part of our daily life now.
After hearing the haggling between a farmer and a hotelier complaining of getting runny yolks, Coyle, a Canadian created, and later patented, a container that would carry a dozen eggs at once in a box that suspended and supported each one without letting it touch the other. The demand for this box actually grew around the world and he patented it in several countries.
Look around you at the things we take for granted every day. An Inuit in the Canadian Arctic invented sunglass for snow blindness. Peanut butter was first patented by a Canadian.
Is there a Robertson screwdriver in your toolbox? When a screw driver blade slipped and cut Peter Robertson’s hand he created a new type of screw, a square-headed one that stayed in place better and turned smoother.
And let’s remember -Insulin, Blackberry, Ebola Vaccine, Time zones, and new technologies in Quantum Space, some Canadian Inventions which have also changed the world.
Governor-General David Johnson says Canadian Innovators have made the world smarter, smaller, kinder, safer, healthier, wealthier and happier. We can be proud to be Canadian.
UKRAINIAN SHOP – Carol J.
Ukrainian immigration started in 1891 and the immigrants settled mostly on the prairies. Canada has the third largest population of ethnic Ukrainians behind Ukraine and Russia. Canadians born in Canada, of Ukrainian heritage, make up 3.7 % of our population.
To this day the Ukrainian traditions and customs are practiced. The culture, music, dance and the popular pysanky – coloured eggs for Easter and special occasions – have been handed down from generation to generation.
Ukrainian people are known to be hospitable. Be prepared to accept all food and drink offered when visiting a Ukrainian home. Turning down food may be considered rude. If you find you cannot eat it all, keep something on your plate to avoid having it replenished!
GAZEBO – Heather
Most gazeboes are built in the classic octagon shape. This has six sides but the very elegance of it inspired me to turn it into a gazebo. It’s just the right size to fit one person or a couple that enjoys sitting outside in the garden.
This setting is the perfect place to simply relax and lose yourself in the sunshine and feel the breeze on your face. The orange tree was especially chosen because it not only has a beautiful flower, but it is also a flower that is aromatic.
The intimacy and sweet aromas allow your mind to wander. It seems that time stands still while your imagination takes you to places that you dream about.
Succulents work well because they are low maintenance. If my imagination carries me away for several days or even weeks they will survive without watering.
Prostitution is the world’s oldest profession and has been woven into the fabric of Canadian Society since early times. Although brothels are illegal in Canada, they provide a sexual outlet for men and a safe place for prostitutes to work and make a good income. Most sex workers are shunned by society, but it was one of the few jobs that gave women financial freedom.
Brothels provided a safe place for working girls rather than setting up shop on a street corner. This Madam began as a prostitute herself, and it allowed her to earn enough money to buy her own house and set up a brothel in her residence. She treated her ladies well and in return, they treated her clients well.
She created one of the best places to work and her brothel gained such popularity, many well- known and public figures passed through her doors. They gave her autographed 8×10 glossy pictures that adorned the walls of the reception room. They appreciated a professional run business where they could choose from sexy, innocent or cowgirl ladies to entertain them.
EMILY CARR’S ELEPHANT – Lynne
In Emily’s words: “The roof seems low and heavy and the walls squeezing us. Yet the house is enormous after the van. But the van was so much nearer the big outside, just a canvas and a rib or two and then the world. And the earth was more yours than this little taxed scrap which is under your name.”
As a youngster, Emily dreamed of caravans like she read about in children’s stories. Her fantasies were horse drawn, never motorized. One day, her dream caravan materialized sitting by the roadside, heavy and grey like an elephant, with a For Sale sign. As it had no wheels, it had to be towed around to the various locations for Emily’s sketching outings.
Made of metal sheathing and partially covered with canvas, it measured only 6 1/2’ x 8’ and was about 7’ tall at its highest point. Her bed fit across one end and she had a shelf table along one side. On the other wall was a bench with boxes for her monkey, Woo, and four Griffon dogs. She fashioned a pulpit on part of the shelf by her bed where she wrote in the evenings. Her canvases and art equipment were stored under the bed and a coal oil lamp provided light.
Emily cooked outside on a make shift camp fire. The food was safety stored indoors. Sometimes she slept outside under the stars.
The roof of the Elephant was also metal sheathing and covered with canvas. It is folded back for the display so you can see how she lived with her monkey and four Griffon dogs.